Altering Format with HStack and VStack

Altering Format with HStack and VStack


Ranging from iOS 16, SwiftUI gives AnyLayout and the Format protocol for builders to create personalized and sophisticated layouts. AnyLayout is a type-erased occasion of the format protocol. You need to use AnyLayout to create a dynamic format that responds to customers’ interactions or setting modifications.

On this tutorial, you’ll learn to use AnyLayout to modify between vertical and horizontal format.

Utilizing AnyLayout

Let’s first create a brand new Xcode undertaking utilizing the App template. Identify the undertaking SwiftUIAnyLayout or no matter identify you favor. What we’re going to construct is an easy demo app that switches the UI format if you faucet the stack view. The determine beneath reveals the UI format for various orientations.

SwiftUI AnyLayout - Switch between HStack and VStack

The app initially arranges three photos vertically utilizing VStack. When a consumer faucets the stack view, it modifications to a horizontal stack. With AnyLayout, you’ll be able to implement the format like this:

We outline a format variable to carry an occasion of AnyLayout. Relying on the worth of changeLayout, this format modifications between horizontal and vertical layouts. The HStackLayout (or VStackLayout) behaves like a HStack (or VStack) however conforms to the Format protocol so you should utilize it within the conditional layouts.

By attaching the animation to the format, the format change will be animated. Now if you faucet the stack view, it switches between vertical and horizontal layouts.

Switching Layouts based mostly on the gadget’s orientation

At present, the app lets customers change the format by tapping the stack view. In some functions, you might need to change the format based mostly on the gadget’s orientation and display dimension. On this case, you’ll be able to seize the orientation change through the use of the .horizontalSizeClass variable:

And then you definately replace the format variable like this:

Say, for instance, you rotate an iPhone 14 Professional Max to panorama, the format modifications to horizontally stack view.

swiftui anylayout demo

Typically, we use SwiftUI’s built-in format containers like HStackLayout and VStackLayout to compose layouts. What if these format containers should not ok for arranging the kind of layouts you want? The Format protocol launched in iOS 16 lets you outline your individual customized format. All you must do is outline a customized format container by creating a kind that conforms to the Format protocol and implementing its required strategies:

  • sizeThatFits(proposal:subviews:cache:) – stories the dimensions of the composite format view.
  • placeSubviews(in:proposal:subviews:cache:) – assigns positions to the container’s subviews.


The introduction of AnyLayout permits us to customise and alter the UI format with a pair strains of code. This positively helps us construct extra elegant and interesting UIs. Within the earlier demo, I confirmed you change layouts based mostly on the display orientation. Actually, you’ll be able to apply the identical approach to different eventualities like the dimensions of the Dynamic Sort.

Observe: If you wish to dive deeper into SwiftUI and entry all of the supply code, you’ll be able to take a look at our Mastering SwiftUI e-book, which has been absolutely up to date for iOS 16 and Xcode 14.

Founding father of AppCoda. Creator of a number of iOS programming books together with Starting iOS Programming with Swift and Mastering SwiftUI. iOS App Developer and Blogger. Comply with me at Fb, Twitter and Google+.